External Liquidity Index – Q4 update

  • We update our external liquidity scorecard for 66 emerging and frontier markets to assess the risk of a BOP crisis

  • The most vulnerable (excl. those in default) are Ethiopia, Mozambique, Rwanda, Laos, Mongolia, Bolivia and Tunisia

  • The least vulnerable (excl. Russia) are Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Papua New Guinea, Azerbaijan, Peru and Qatar
November 4th, 2022
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Sub-Saharan Africa


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