Macro Analysis /
Global

2021 marks the second-highest EM sovereign hard currency debt issuance on record

  • Forex: Mozambican Metical remains Africa’s second best-forming currency this year

  • Fixed Income: 2021 marks another year of massive hard currency debt issuance

  • Macroeconomic: IMF joins calls for the South African government to implement hard-hitting reforms

Kieran Siney
Kieran Siney

Head of African Markets

ETM Analytics
9 December 2021
Published by